Driving in to the sunrise

Today was my "first" drive from my new house to work. As I left from home the sun was about to rise above the horizon. The stage of sunrise, known as false sunrise actually occurs before the sun truly reaches the horizon because Earth's atmosphere refracts the Sun's image. At the horizon, the average amount of refraction is 34 arcminutes, though this amount varies based on atmospheric conditions.

Also, unlike most other solar measurements, sunrise occurs when the Sun's upper limb, rather than its center, appears to cross the horizon. The apparent radius of the Sun at the horizon is 16 arc minutes.

These two angles combine to define sunrise to occur when the Sun's center is 50 arc minutes below the horizon, or 90.83° from the zenith.

It was -3°C in the morning and all the ground was frozen, as I got near Loimaa all the fields were frozen over. Luckily roads had been dry before the night and the roads weren't icy. When I got to Loimaa, I went straight to tire shop where my winter tires are held and reserved a time for changing summer tires to winter tires. 

Be safe and drive careful when you don't have winter tires under the car.